Many government systems can be replaced by modern upgrades with zero incremental spectrum footprint above the commercial and private systems on which the highly productive civilian sector depends. Look at FirstNet.
We have to wonder whether we’re seeing now seeing insight or mere persistence. One thing is clear, however: if this bill passes it will have more to do with the Supreme Court’s revival of the Major Questions Doctrine than with the state of the Internet in 2022.
Transferring spectrum from old to new users have proven to be much speedier and easier than imagined by PCAST and similar plans of 10 – 15 years ago. Getting governments and government agencies to cooperate is the harder problem.